3.30 – Institutional Review Board
Part 1: Purpose
The purpose of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) is to protect the rights and well-being of human research subjects by reviewing and approving proposals for research on human subjects that (a) is sponsored or conducted by the College, its faculty, staff, or students, or (b) has as its subjects the College’s faculty, staff, or students. No human subjects research shall be conducted at LSC without first obtaining IRB review and approval.
Part 2: Definitions
Subpart A: Research. Research means a systematic investigation designed to contribute to generalized knowledge.
Subpart B: Human Subjects. Human subjects are living persons about whom an investigator obtains identifiable private information or with whom the investigator intervenes or interacts.
Subpart C: Human Subjects Research. Human subjects research ordinarily does not include:
- Surveys, interviews, or other studies conducted for institutional use or improvement only.
- Assessment of student learning at the course, program, or college level.
- Secondary analysis of publicly available data or de-identified private data.
- Research conducted by students as part of routine course assignments for the sole purpose of achieving the academic goals of the course.
Part 3: IRB Membership
The Institutional Review Board shall have five members, consisting of:
- the Director of Accreditation, Research, and Assessment, who will act as chair,
- the Vice President for Academic & Student Affairs,
- the Institutional Research Analyst,
- the 1B.1 (Diversity) Officer, and
- one LSC faculty member selected at the recommendation of the local MSCF.
Whenever the Institutional Review Board conducts a Full review or determines that additional research expertise would be helpful in conducting its review, the Board shall be expanded by adding one additional member appointed by the Vice President for Academic & Student Affairs. The additional member shall be a professor who teaches graduate education at one of the four year institutions in the LSC service area.
Part 4: IRB Review
Subpart A: Types
The IRB shall conduct three types of reviews:
- Exempt reviews will be conducted when the research involves no risk to the subjects and the research meets applicable criteria in the Code of Federal Regulations (Title 45, Part 46) for exemption from full IRB review.
- Expedited reviews will be conducted when the research involves no more than minimal risk for the subjects and the research meets the applicable criteria in the Code of Federal Regulations (Title 45, Part 46) for expedited IRB review.
- Full reviews will be conducted when the research involves more than minimal risk for the subjects. More than minimal risk for subjects is involved when, by way of example, physically invasive procedures are conducted, vulnerable populations are involved, or sensitive information such as sexual practices or illegal behaviors are surveyed.
Subpart B: Review Criteria
In reviewing research proposals, the IRB shall consider all applicable criteria contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (Title 45, Part 46), including whether:
- Risks to subjects are minimized.
- Risks to subjects are reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits and the importance of knowledge that may be reasonably expected to result.
- The selection of subjects is equitable.
- Informed consent will be obtained from each subject and properly documented.
- The research plan makes adequate provision for monitoring the data collected to ensure the safety of subjects.
- There are adequate provisions to protect the privacy of subjects and to maintain the confidentiality of data.
Part 5: Other IRB Approval
When a proposal for research on human subjects at LSC is subject to IRB review at a four year institution and the proposal has been reviewed and approved by that institution’s own IRB, the Lake Superior College IRB may, upon receipt of adequate documentation of the approval, rely on the determination of the other institution’s IRB in lieu of its own review.
Part 6: Forms and Procedures
The chair of the IRB shall develop and maintain appropriate forms for the operation of the Board.
Part 7: Records
Written and/or digital records of all IRB activities shall be maintained by the Director of Accreditation, Research, and Assessment.
Date Implemented: February 3, 2005
Date Updated: October 30, 2014